Belum Forest : Tropical Rainforest


Belum Forest: Tropical Rainforest

The forest reserve is reported to cover an area of 290,000 hectares. Belum Forest is divided into the upper and lower areas. The upper area of Belum Forest covers an area of 117,500 hectares of dense jungle going into the Thailand-Malaysia border. This large forest area is a natural barrier and gazetted as safety / safe zone. The Belum Reserve Park and Temenggor are allowed to remain unexplored as the Perak Government has decided to retain the areas as natural reserve for research purposes. The upper Belum Forest area consists of 90% of unexplored area, while the lower Belum is covered by secondary jungle. It is indeed a very large area to carry out research expeditions!!! 


 Most of the approved medicines are obtained and processed from herbs and plants found here. Researchers from all over the world are striving to discover the antidotes for various diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer, Parkinson, meningitis and others. 

They believe that the antidotes are from the plants of the tropical rainforest. Unfortunately, tropical rainforests are cleared at a shocking rate that it is possible that one day these beautiful forests will be destroyed, together with the possible antidotes that could have treated various diseases.

Belum Forest is open for eco-tourism park management.

Tucked away in the northernmost corner of Perak, the launch of the Royal Belum state park marks a major milestone in the country’s conservation history. As this last tract of virgin wilderness in the peninsula will soon be open for tourism, the need for a detailed park management plan has become a pressing issue. TAN CHENG LI wrote in an article published in The Star, 9 September 2003. Belum, belum, beluuuummm! These are the sounds made by large grasshoppers inhabiting this forest. Thus, the forest is called Belum.  



Although most of the exploration/activities packages take you through the secondary jungle, there is an area in Lower Belum that is filled with big meranti, cengal, keruing and merbau species. These are the names of the rainforest hardwood which are now endangered. The tropical rainforest soil is poorly nutritioned and whenever an area is cleared, all the nutrition will be flushed away, leaving just the mud and sand. If you have the time, you could dig the soil, and you would find that the black and rich soil only covers the topsoil, whilst the lower part has no minerals or nutrition at all. It is quite surprising that living things could live there, but they did.


This ideal eco-system has developed and remained resistant towards changes for the past 150 million years. Most of the hardwood trees that you see might have lived for 150 to 600 years. This is a priceless treasure that must be protected. Belum Forest is unimaginably very priceless. Many have yet to value the importance of this eco-system. They feel that the forest is just a wild backyard that needs to be cleared and smartened up so that it could be turned into a playground or workplace. This is in reality what happened to most of our forests. It is hoped that it will not happen to Belum. Treasure does not necessarily need to shine for us to value. Real treasure is one that is hidden and takes a long time to discover. There are plants that seem ordinary like lianas, root plants, leaves and blossoms, but actually have medicinal properties. These are herbal plants that have been collected and used by the natives and previous generations. All diseases are said can be cured.